Commodore recovered from their bad last year. The Amiga 1000 which sold not as well as expected was replaced by two new models: Amiga 500 and Amiga 2000. The two Amigas marked a change in Commodore's strategy: no more expensive media computers. The Amiga 2000 offered slots in a PC-like case and was used by some TV stations. The other Amiga, Amiga 500, was a true home computer in console design. Both were almost 100% compatible to the Amiga 1000.
Atari were causing some trouble because of the introduction of IBM compatible PCs. Some were expecting that Atari would drop the ST line because the Atari PC was equipped well: EGA graphics, GEM and a mouse. It was never clear what was the plan behind the PC series but maybe they launched MS-DOS PCs to push their ST computers. Traditional PC dealers selling Atari PCs may sell the ST as well.
Many expected that a low-cost Commodore PC would come. The PC1 was slightly faster than the original IBM PC and had no slots. The greatest advantage: the price (1000 DM which are approx. 555 US$ or 330 UK£).
IBM was never happy about the PC clones although they guaranteed a massive software library. The so-called "clone killer" was presented on the 27th April. The Personal Systems/2 were - compared with former IBM computers - cheaper and offered modern technologies. The microchannel should made extensions easier and was patented by IBM. It didn't succeed - only a few cards were available for the microchannel. IBM had to realise that they no longer set the standards for the PC market. Later IBM licensed the microchannel technology but it still didn't succeed. A few components of the PS/2 computers are still used e.g. the PS/2 mouse.
The Acorn Archimedes introduced a new technology to the mass market which was formerly used in high end workstations: the RISC technolgy. A RISC CPU only has very few commands but is capable to execute them very fast and efficient. The Archimedes was faster than any other home computer or PC. Acorn had some difficulties in marketing the Archimedes outside the UK. They had some good contacts to UK universities so the Archimedes was quite common there.
Sir Clive Sinclair proudly presented his new computer: the Z88. A 900g laptop with a built-in word processor, data base, spread sheet, alarm clock and calculator. The computer was powered by two mignon batteries.
Chronology1979 1980 1981
1982 1983 1984
1985 1986 1987
1988 1989 1990
1991 1992 1993
1994 1995 1996